Carbon Protocol

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The Carbon Protocol of South Africa is a non-profit collaborative platform of concerned and interested parties that sets consistent and transparent benchmarks by which greenhouse gas emissions can be calculated, verified and publicly reported on.

Carbon Protocol of South Africa Newsletter -
Edition 1

The Carbon Protocol of South Africa is pleased to announce this new bimonthly newsletter which will provide members and assessors with updates on the Protocol as well as developments within the carbon assessment landscape.

The COP17 Outcome for South Africa

South Africa completed another fantastic job of hosting an integral international event in Durban during December. The situation to reach an agreement appeared dire for the majority of the conference but some encouraging outcomes materialized towards the close of proceedings.

After two weeks of negotiations the parties agreed on a legally binding instrument to compel nations to slow the pace of global warming, making up The Durban Platform for Enhance Action (DPEA). The package of agreements includes a new commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol and the launch of the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Governments agreed to adopt a universal legal agreement on climate change to be decided on not later than 2015 and to come into force by 2020.

Regarding the second commitment period, to achieve clarity rapidly, parties will turn their emission reduction targets into Quantified Emission Limitation or Reduction Objectives (QELRO’s) by 1 May 2012.

An encouraging outcome, particularly for African countries, was the agreement on the implementation of the package-agreed upon in Cancun – to help developing nations adapt to and mitigate the worst effects of climate change. An Adaptation Committee has been designed to improve the coordination of adaptation actions on a global scale, and a Technology Mechanism, both of which will become fully operational in 2012. Adaptive capacities of the most vulnerable and poorest countries will be strengthened, with the most vulnerable receiving better protection against loss and damage caused by extreme weather events related to climate change.

Countries also agreed to a registry which will record mitigation actions of developing countries that need financial support and to match these with support.

By hosting the conference South Africa was able to build global awareness and draw attention to the possibilities available in the country and on the continent for meaningful climate change mitigation and adaptation projects.
“The outcome in Durban is a coup for Africa,”

Zuma said. “Issues that had taken so long to resolve have been resolved on our soil. We are very happy and proud of the South African team that worked so hard with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to make Durban succeed.”

For the assessors and members of the Carbon Protocol all initiatives all seem to be pointing to the requirements of a sound basis for measurement, reporting and verification of Greenhouse Gases. These would include:

• Defining performance relative to SA’s carbon pledge

• Complying with reporting as per the Climate Change White Paper

• Proposed Carbon Tax

• Future CDM / or new carbon market mechanisms

Read more….. http://unfccc.int/meetings/durban_nov_2011/meeting/6245.php

Greenhouse Gas Accounting grows in importance throughout the Agricultural Sector

The Agricultural sector is beginning to experience significant impacts due to climate change in the form of extreme weather events such as storms, floods and droughts as well as the frequency of heat waves.

Global agricultural yields will be adversely affected by changing temperatures and rainfall patterns. Climate change is contributing to the spike in commodity prices as a result of its influence on depressed yields. Input costs, like fertilizer and fuel costs, are poised to continue rising which will reduce producer profitability further.

Agriculture is also a major contributor to climate change. Globally, agriculture contributes to approximately 80% of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. The agricultural sector has been relatively slow in adopting GHG emissions reduction strategies. A shift towards measuring GHG emissions is beginning to take shape in the sector as it grapples with the challenges associated with the sources of GHG emissions and the remote locations of agricultural business operations. Innovative solutions to support data gathering are being investigated such as online reporting mechanisms and mobile platforms. In order to fulfill the emissions reduction and risk mitigations ambitions of the sector, much more needs to be done to overcome barriers to emissions reporting at the farm level.

A variety of stakeholders must be engaged in the move towards a low carbon agricultural sector. Demands for information from consumers and investors, short-term incentives for growers to take the first and hardest steps as well as transparency up and down the value chain will aid in the delivery emission reduction goals. An organisation like the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) can provide a platform for the reporting of emissions and a forum for sharing best practice. It is up to the growers, processors and food distributors to protect the food supply chain upon which all humanity depends.

Read more… https://www.cdproject.net/CDPResults/CDP-2011-Agriculture-Report.pdf
GHG standards in South Africa

In parallel with the emergence of regulated or mandatory schemes relating to monitoring, reporting and verification of Greenhouse Gases (GHG), organisations outside of these schemes are now increasingly wishing to monitor and report their emissions (commonly referred to as the organisation’s carbon footprint).

In response to this demand and to provide an international standard against which such reports can be voluntarily verified, ISO 14064 has been developed.

ISO 14064 has been prepared in three parts:

ISO 14064, part 1 This details the principles and requirements for designing, developing, managing and reporting organization level GHG inventories. It includes requirements for determining boundaries, quantifying emissions and removals, and identifying specific company actions or activities aimed at improving GHG management. It also includes requirements and guidance on quality management of the GHG inventory, reporting, internal auditing and the organisation’s responsibilities for verification.

ISO 14064, part 2 This focuses on GHG projects or project based activities specifically designed to reduce GHG emissions or increase GHG removals. It includes principles and requirements for determining project baseline scenarios and for monitoring, quantifying and reporting project performance relative to that baseline and provides the basis for GHG projects to be validated and verified.

ISO 14064, part 3 This part of ISO 14064 provides principles, requirements and guidance for those conducting GHG information validation and verification. It describes a process for providing assurance to intended users that an organization’s or project’s GHG assertions are complete, accurate, consistent, transparent and without material discrepancies.

How can ISO 14064 benefit an organisation?

ISO 14064 can:

prove your commitment to reducing your carbon emissions

develop robust internal mechanisms for quantifying and reporting GHG emissions

prepare legitimate GHG assertions, claims and reports

quantify and report emission reductions from projects

Management of the Carbon Protocol
The beginning of 2012 also brought some changes to the Carbon Protocol.

Kevin James – founding member of the Carbon Protocol – resigned from the board. We thank him for his time and energy in getting this initiative going.

Darryn van der Poel has decided to venture into the consulting side of carbon. We wish him all the best in his career. He will continue with some of the administrative issues until a new person is found. Please refer to the job description below.

Discussions with prospective board members are underway to lead the Carbon Protocol from strength to strength. Watch this space for more great news and opportunities as we work towards a lower carbon economy and society that will lead to a healthier and more sustainable future for us all.

MEMBERS: Michael Peacock Edwards, Anthony Dane, Harmke Immink and Jeunesse Park CONTACT: Darryn van der Poel (Manager) +27 83 258 6316

: Please note that this newsletter represents the views of the editor and not necessarily that of the board, members or assessors associated with the Carbon Protocol.